FAQs

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Did You Know Opioid Related Deaths

are a Public Health Crisis?

The opioid crisis and resultant deaths have been declared a national public health emergency in Canada and the United States and recently in Australia.

In 2017, in the US, 72,000 people died of fentanyl toxicity or poisoning — more than the US-side death toll for the entire Vietnam War. (i)

The drug overdose crisis occurring in Canada is lowering life expectancy. (ii)

The rate of fentanyl-detection in confirmed or suspected drug toxicity deaths has increased from 4% in 2012 to 83% in 2019. (iii)

Overdose is now the leading cause of unnatural death in British Columbia surpassing homicides, suicides, and motor vehicle collisions combined. (iv)

In Canada in 2018, 4,460 deaths or 1 life was lost every 2 hours related to opioids. (v)

94% of apparent opioid-related deaths were accidental or unintentional. (vi)

44% of people dying of opioid-related deaths are employed at the time of death. (vii)

(i) Flailing on fentanyl: As fentanyl deaths soared among their constituents, Congress failed to act despite dire warnings about the powerful opioid. The Washington Post. www.washingtonpost.com

(ii) Statistics Canada. (accessed Sept. 21, 2019) Contribution of all-cause age-specific mortality rates to the change in life expectancy at birth from 2016 to 2017, by sex, change in life expectancy, in years. https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/daily-quotidien/190530/cg-d002-eng.htm

(iii) BC Coroners Service. (2019, August 16). Illicit Drug Toxicity Deaths in BC: January 1, 2009 – June 30, 2019. Retrieved from: https://www2.gov.bc.ca/assets/gov/birth-adoption-death-marriage-and-divorce/deaths/coroners-service/statistical/illicit-drug.pdf  (accessed August 16, 2019).

(iv) Ibid

(v) Government of Canada. (accessed June, 2019). National Report Apparent Opioid-related deaths in Canada. https://health-infobase.canada.ca/datalab/national-surveillance-opioid-mortality.html#keyFindings

(vi) Ibid

(vii) Statistics Canada (accessed Sept. 20, 2019) Changes in life expectancy by selected causes of death, 2017. https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/daily-quotidien/190530/dq190530d-eng.htm

Frequently Asked Questions

What are synthetic opioids such as fentanyl?

Synthetic opioids are powerful and inexpensive enhancers and fillers hundreds of times more potent than heroin. They are increasingly added into the supply chain of illicit drugs to increase the potency and reduce the cost to the producer. Synthetic opioids have created a pandemic of overdose deaths touching the lives of every strata of the population, in every community. Opioids such as fentanyl may cause the unsuspecting drug user’s autonomic nervous system to shut down breathing and heartbeat, followed by death unless an antagonist like Naloxone antidote is administered within 10 minutes.

What is the problem that evan Digital Health and Informatics is addressing with LifeguardApp?

The overwhelming majority of users who are dying are using drugs alone inside a home, a car, or other interior space. By the time a user is discovered by friends or family, traditional emergency responders often arrive too late to save a life.

How is LifeguardApp a solution?

LifeguardApp was designed with emergency service providers and frontline workers to get help to users-in-distress as quickly as possible, even when they are alone. The mobile app will work anywhere there is data or WIFI. In rural areas where there is no timely emergency response, the app can alert trained personnel or volunteers.

How does LifeguardApp save lives?

evan has developed a smartphone/tablet-based mobile app (Android and IOS) which, once enabled, automatically connects a user to emergency responders in the event that the user becomes unconscious or unable to function. LifeguardApp arms the emergency responders with information critical to the success of emergency intervention. LifeguardApp alerts are put in priority sequence to emergency services.

How much does the app cost?

It’s currently free for a user to download in specific geographic areas supported by provincial/state/federal funding. Currently, we are scaling up for a BC, province-wide application and soon will scale up throughout Canada and the US.

Where can I download the app?

Currently the app can only be downloaded with permission. Soon, it will be available province-wide to any person in a specific geographic area such as a province or state and will be found in app stores and on government sites.

Are tech solutions the next frontier in emergency response to the opioid overdose crisis?

LifeguardApp is a revolutionary digital solution that can be integrated into emergency response systems world-wide. Until LifeguardApp, there was no effective geo-spatial tech solution armed with permission-based blockchain that ensures security of data.